A study of the life of the artist naum gabo
There, Gabo produced his first Cubist-influenced figurative sculptures, exemplified by Constructed Head No. Gabo's engineering training was key to the development of his sculptural work that often used machined elements. At first he studied medicine, but soon switched to natural sciences. In he created a constructivist set design for Sergei Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes.
The appearance of the busts shifts and modulates constantly, based on viewing angle, lighting, and other ambient factors.
Naum gabo head no 2
Gabo's engineering training was key to the development of his sculptural work that often used machined elements. More elaborate models of his plastic art include Spheric Construction: Fountain , Bas-relief on a Circular Surface, Semi-spheric and Construction in Space, with Net - all in private collections. In retrospect, works like Column set the tone for aspects of Gabo's work throughout the rest of his career. In it they asserted that art had a value and function independent of the state, and that geometric principles should be the basis for sculpture. Gabo and Pevsner promoted the manifesto by staging an exhibition on a bandstand on Tverskoy Boulevard in Moscow and posted the manifesto on hoardings around the city. Died in Waterbury, Connecticut. A replica can be seen in the Tate Gallery, London. His older brother was fellow Constructivist artist Antoine Pevsner ; Gabo changed his name to avoid confusion with him.
The two interlocking vertical planes in this piece, for example, generate a rectangular form without creating a solid rectangle. Space and time are the only forms on which life is built and hence art must be constructed, claimed Naum Gabo.
At the same time, Gabo's interest in transparent materials like glass and plastic - which was profound and enduring from this period onwards - reflected his ongoing fascination with depicting volume independently of mass.
A study of the life of the artist naum gabo
A replica can be seen in the Tate Gallery, London. Constructivist sculpture as practiced by Tatlin had definite political implications , but Gabo was more interested in its use of modern technology and industrial materials. He sometimes even used motors to move the sculpture. It was in his sculpture that he evaded all the chaos, violence, and despair he had survived. In he created a constructivist set design for Sergei Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes. They advocated the use of transparent materials to define volumes of empty space instead of solid mass. Teresa Newman, Tate Gallery, London, , 63 pp. Martin, Nicholson, Gabo eds. Gabo's theory of art[ edit ] Metal sculpture by Naum Gabo in Rotterdam , Netherlands The essence of Gabo's art was the exploration of space, which he believed could be done without having to depict mass. Gabo had lived through a revolution and two world wars; he was also Jewish and had fled Nazi Germany. Over the years his exhibitions have generated immense enthusiasm because of the emotional power present in his sculpture.
Gabo visited London inand settled inwhere he found a 'spirit of optimism and sympathy for his position as an abstract artist'. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Another of the great Russian artists who left his native country to practise his art, Naum Gabo is regarded as one of the great twentieth century sculptors.
Naum gabo bauhaus
In such a way he felt that his 'constructive idea' could serve as a philosophy not only for art but for life in general. Gabo's designs had become increasingly monumental but there was little opportunity to apply them commenting "It was the height of civil war, hunger and disorder in Russia. During this period the reliefs and construction became more geometric and Gabo began to experiment with kinetic sculpture though the majority of the work was lost or destroyed. Gabo's theory of art[ edit ] Metal sculpture by Naum Gabo in Rotterdam , Netherlands The essence of Gabo's art was the exploration of space, which he believed could be done without having to depict mass. It is one of a number of works created during the early s which demonstrate Gabo's departure from the early, figurative style of the Constructed Heads, and his movement towards a more pure abstraction. His ingenious extension of Cubist painting techniques into the realm of sculpture predicated much abstract sculpture of the following decades. Whilst in Cornwall he continued to work, albeit on a smaller scale. They were often projects for monumental public schemes, rarely achieved, in which architecture and sculpture came together. Materials became in short supply as the war progressed, but he was still able to carve and paint. Early life[ edit ] Gabo grew up in a Jewish family of six children in the provincial Russian town of Bryansk , where his father Boris Berko Pevsner worked as an engineer. His older brother was fellow Constructivist artist Antoine Pevsner ; Gabo changed his name to avoid confusion with him. Gabo and Antoine Pevsner had a joint exhibition at the Galerie Percier, Paris in and the pair designed the set and costumes for Diaghilev 's ballet La Chatte that toured in Paris and London.
Metal, wood and electric motor. His proposal, for example, that Model for an AirportTate could be used to advertise Imperial Airways, as either a desk display or an outdoor sculpture, was never realised. Returning to Russia after the Revolution, Gabo and Pevsner saw political forces redirect Russian art from exploration to propaganda.
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