Malone presented a theoretical framework for instrinsic motivation in the context of designing computer games for instruction. As teachers, we hope to promote intrinsic motivation in our students as it encourages life-long learning. The number of levels in the heirarchy can be debated, but the following seems to be quite thorough: Click on the hierarchy to view a larger version.
Riegeluth ed. Videos There are many different theories of motivation.
Ames, C. The challenge, then, is to provide teaching and learning activities that are both stimulating and offer students a degree of personal control.
Fortunately, there are strategies for increasing motivation and self-efficacy, which can in turn increase chances of academic success and well-being. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman. History of motivational research in education.
Design your assignments tests, papers, projects, etc. For most people, their dorm room or bed are not ideal, as they come with many distractions. If the activity is repeatedly deemed stimulating and controllable, then the student may deem the activity interesting.
Get to know your students.