Why did germany lose ww1

Nevertheless, November 11 itself would become a hallowed day.

Why did germany lose ww1 bbc bitesize

Quietly the Germans brought in their best soldiers from the eastern front, selected elite storm troops, and trained them all winter in the new tactics. Ludendorff could not replace his losses, nor could he devise a new brainstorm that might somehow snatch victory from the jaws of defeat. KRA focused on raw materials threatened by the British blockade , as well as supplies from occupied Belgium and France. The Somme was part of a multinational plan of the Allies to attack on different fronts simultaneously. Berlin had calculated it would take months for the Americans to ship all their men and supplies—but the U. In five million pigs were massacred in the so-called Schweinemord to both make food and preserve grain. Given that naval trade provided a disproportionate amount of resources, revenue and especially food for Germany it is obvious she would suffer eventually when fighting a superior maritime power like Britain. Germany had lost the initiative, Austria-Hungary was on the verge of collapse and there was a chronic shortage of manpower. The Myriad Faces of War.

Germany depended on imports of food and raw materials, which were stopped by the British blockade of Germany. A message on the freight car spells out "Trip to Paris"; early in the war, all sides expected the conflict to be a short one.

After the British Empire Germany was the second biggest economy in After the celebrations on both sides of the Atlantic had died down, two months later a conference was convened at Versailles, just outside Paris, to work out a final peace treaty.

No doubt the already starving, demoralized, sailors were not keen on fighting a Royal Navy that had reformed since Jutland and was now backed by American naval power.

Why did germany lose ww1 essay

Furthermore, the first of large numbers of American troops were arriving, in time to join the Allied counter-attack against the highly vulnerable salients which the German advances had created. In April Ludendorff hit the British again, inflicting , casualties—but he lacked the reserves to follow up. In October, Italian forces suffered a disastrous defeat at Caporetto, leaving , prisoners in the hands of German and Austrian forces. Forty-five minutes later, Foch replied. It should be noted that the Entente refused to negotiate with Germany as long as the Kaiser remained in power. Sheffield, Gary and John Bourne. In , Britain and France struck the Sykes-Picot accord under which they began carving out the shape of the future Middle East. His fury, at first, was directed against the democratic parties in the Reichstag - whom he called the 'November criminals', and whom he regarded as having stabbed Germany in the back when they accepted the humiliating terms of the Peace of Versailles - rather than towards Lloyd George and Clemenceau, who were the principal architects of the settlement.

Keegan, John. This had a knock on effect because with Bulgaria collapsing the Entente forces from Salonica could now advance towards Constantinople. Besides bland economic considerations a few other factors are worth mentioning. New York: Overlook Press, The odium of ending the war had been shifted onto the majority parties and they could now bear the blame for a harsh peace and thus be totally discredited.

White bread used imported flour and became unavailable, but there was enough rye or rye-potato flour to provide a minimal diet for all civilians.

germany ww1

By 11 November Germany had virtually surrendered, the Kaiser and all the royal families had abdicated, and the Empire had been replaced by the Weimar Republic.

This was the false " Stab-in-the-back myth " that soured German politics in the s and caused a distrust of democracy and the Weimar government.

what did germany want in ww1

At the start of the war inGermany anticipated the issue of not having a large empire and planned to end the war as quickly as possible.

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What led to the German collapse in WWI?